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7th Annual Summit on Microbiology: Education, R&D and Market, will be organized around the theme “Current Microbiology: The Big Picture”
Microbiology Conference 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Microbiology Conference 2018
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Role of Microbiology in Agricultural: Agricultural microbiology is a branch of microbiology dealing with plant-associated microbes and plant and animal diseases. It also deals with the microbiology of soil fertility, such as microbial degradation of organic matter and soil nutrient transformations. Again from various naturally-occurring microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi, these solutions can protect crops from pests and diseases and enhance plant productivity and fertility. Microbial solutions make up approximately two thirds of theagricultural bio- logicals industry.
Role of Microbiology in Nursing: The patients who nurses care for are often vulnerable and at increased risk of infectious disease. Nurses and other healthcare workers may carry harmful bacteria on their hands. Therefore, extra care must be taken to avoid the transfer of infectious agents from nurse to patient. Infections that are acquired while a patient is hospitalized are common unfortunately. They are sometimes difficult to treat and can be fatal. In addition, hospital-acquired infections result in lengthened hospital stays that increase the economic burden. An appreciation and understanding of microbiology and infection control is vital to nursing practice.
Microbiology in Cancer Therapy: The ability of many attenuated bacteria to cause tumor regression has been well known for many years, the exact mode of their action was unknown. It has generally been believed that bacteria activate the immune system upon entry to the host cells and that the activated immune system then allows cancer regression.
A wide range of bacteria and other non-virus microbes, including fungi, have been implicated over the years in oncogenesis, as well as the ability to induce inflammation, which may cause cancer. Here, the role of bacteria and other non-virus microorganisms and oral cancers will be discussed.
Microbiology and Cell Science deals with the concepts in microbiology, cell biology and the bio-molecular sciences . This is the application of the scientific methods to gain an understanding of the biological world at the cellular and molecular levels.
Microbiology in Oral Health: Oral microbiology is the study of the microorganisms (microbiota) of the oral cavity and their interactions between oral microorganisms or with the host. The environment present in the human mouth allows the growth of characteristic microorganisms found there. It provides a source of water and nutrients, as well as a moderate temperature. Resident microbes of the mouth adhere to the teeth and gums to resist mechanical flushing from the mouth to stomach where acid-sensitive microbes are destroyed by hydrochloric acid.
Applied microbiology is a scientific discipline that deals with the application of microorganisms and the knowledge about them in biotechnology, food microbiology, agriculture, medicine, and bioremediation.
Industrial microbiology is a branch of applied microbiology in which microorganisms are used in industrial processes like, in the production of high-value products such as drugs, chemicals, fuels and electricity.
Intestinal Microbiology: The microflora of the human gastrointestinal tract is so extensive and integral to the proper functioning of the digestive system that it has been characterized as an additional organ of the human body. It is estimated that the microfloral community consists of 500 -1000 distinct species of bacteria in a single person; collectively, their population is 10 times the number of their host’s body cells. The microflora of the intestinal microenvironment as a unit has important protective, metabolic, and trophic functions. Resident bacteria serve a central line of resistance to colonization by exogenous microbes and thus assist in preventing the potential invasion of the intestinal mucosa by an incoming pathogen.
Metabolic Microbiology: Microbial metabolism is the means by which a microbe obtains the energy and nutrients to live and reproduce. Microbes use many different types of metabolic strategies and species can often be differentiated from each other based on metabolic characteristics. The specific metabolic properties of a microbe are the major factors in determining that microbe's ecological niche, and often allow for that microbe to be useful in industrial processes or responsible for biogeochemical cycles.
Clinical Microbiology is a branch of science dealing with the interrelation of macro- and microorganisms under normal and pathological conditions and in the dynamics of a pathological process with an account of the treatment till the clinical and/or complete recovery is presented.
Microbial infections mainly caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, or parasites. The most common bacterial skin pathogens are Staphylococcus aureus and group A β-hemolytic streptococci. Herpes simplex is the most common viral skin disease. Of the dermatophytic fungi, Trichophyton rubrum is the most prevalent cause of skin and nail infections.
Virology is the scientific discipline concerned with the study of the biology of viruses and viral diseases, including the distribution, biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, ecology, evolution and clinical aspects of viruses.
Microbial ecology/ environmental microbiology is the study that deals with the ecology of microorganisms and their relationship with one another and with their environment. This concerns the three major domains of life—Eukaryota, Archaea, and Bacteria—as well as viruses. Microorganisms, by their state of being widespread, impact the entire biosphere.
Antimicrobials are agents that kill microorganisms or stop their growth. Agents that kill microbes are called microbicidal, while those that merely inhibit their growth are called biostatic. The use of antimicrobial medicines to treat infection is known as antimicrobial chemotherapy, while the use of antimicrobial medicines to prevent infection is known as antimicrobial prophylaxis.
Bacteriology is the branch and specialty of biology that studies the morphology, ecology, genetics and biochemistry of bacteria as well as many other aspects related to them. This subdivision of microbiology involves the identification, classification, and characterization of bacterial species.
Microbial immunology is the study to understand the molecular mechanisms by using microorganisms cause diseases or disorders in humans and animals by using them as host. Microorganisms start to gain nutrients from host and grow to multiply by reproduction, this processes is harmful and affect negatively to the host body.
Mycology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their use to humans as a source for tinder, medicine and food as well as their dangers, such as toxicity or infection.
Phycology is the scientific study of algae. Also known as algology and is a branch of life science and often is regarded as a subdiscipline of botany.