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6th Annual Conference on Microbiology, will be organized around the theme “Exploring the Possibilities of Microbiology”

American Microbiology 2017 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in American Microbiology 2017

Submit your abstract to any of the mentioned tracks.

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Microbiology has advanced and transitioned a considerable measure since 384 BC, amid the seasons of Aristotle and Plato, w hen individuals trusted that living beings could take birth from non living beings, to the thirteenth Century, when Rogen Bacon, named the name "germ" for specialists that cause illnesses/diseases to Anthony Van Leuwenhoek, who in 1676 watched the primary microorganisms, the "Animalcules", to the year 1878, when Sedillot authored the term, organism which is altogether incorporated into the "Disclosure Era" of Microbiology, which la ter transitioned into the "Move Era" where the real commitments were made by Redi, Needham, and Spallanzi to the "Brilliant Era" of Louis Pasteur, Lister, Tyndall, Koch, Petri, Hesse, Jenner, Flemming and Ehrlich to the now, "Current Era", where the examination in microbiology has developed with the development in the innovation which had crossed over any barrier of the controls of science, science, arithmetic, and material science. Microbiology, now is not just a solitary remain off field, rather it is a greater amount of between depending and between related field, without which, different fields will disintegrate. Additionally, Microbiology has now, offered ascend to various sub-fields, which are thusly a field in itself.

Bacteriology is the study of bacteria & archeabacteria. The scientist, who carries out his study in the field of bacteriology, is called a Bacteriologist. Bacteriology has been the very first field in Microbiology to have gained importance, and is still considered the premier sub-field in Microbiology. Robert Koch is considered as father of Bacteriology, because of his high contributions to the field; although Ferdinand Cohn & Louis Pasteur are also sometimes, considered the founding fathers, due to them laying foundations for many numerous studies in Bacteriology. 

 

 

  • Track 2-1Microbes in the environment
  • Track 2-2Bacterial structure and nutrition
  • Track 2-3Bacteria reproduction and genetics
  • Track 2-4Applications of bacteria in industry and biotechnology

Study of the Viruses, or Virus-like agents is called as Virology. That includes, the study of cultivation, disease-producing properties, genetics and taxonomy. The International Committee of Viral Taxonomy (ICTV), developed a universal taxonomic system for all the viruses, by classifying it on the basis of the viral genome.  W.M. Staley is considered as father of Virology.  

 

 

 

  • Track 3-1History of virology
  • Track 3-2Virus structure and classification
  • Track 3-3Viral diseases and host defenses
  • Track 3-4Molecular biology research and viral therapy

It  is a branch of biological sciences  that deals with the study of parasites and parasitism

Parasites are organisms that exist on or in another organism and survive by feeding off the host This means that a parasite is an organism which is metabolically dependent on another organism for it survival.

Characteristics of a parasite:

Reduced size for accommodation in the host

Presence of thick,resistant outer covering

Suitable shape for their hapitats

May or maynot cause disease

Parasites can effect  the human body in different ways; through oral route, skin, arthropod vectors or sexual contact

Diagnosis of parasitic diseases depends on several laboratory methods like  imaging techniques and endoscopy etc..

 

  • Track 4-1Medical parasitology
  • Track 4-2Veterinary parasitology
  • Track 4-3Structural parasitology
  • Track 4-4Quantitative parasitology

A vaccine is an inactivated biological preparation which when injected into human body provides active acquired immunity to particular diseases or infections. A vaccine agent is a disease-causing micro-organism which is made from killed forms of the microbe or its toxins or one of its surface proteins which in turn stimulates the body's response so that the body will fight against the diseases. Vaccines can be of two kinds: therapeutic and prophylactic. They cover both infectious disease targets as well as non-infectious disease targets.\

  • Track 5-1Vaccines Research and Development
  • Track 5-2Mosquito borne diseases vaccines
  • Track 5-3Protein based vaccines
  • Track 5-4Toxoid vaccines
  • Track 5-5Geriatric vaccines

Diagnostic Microbiology deals with the clinical presentation of associate degree communicable disease reflects the interaction between the host and therefore the being. This interaction is tormented by the host immune standing and microorganism virulence factors. Signs and symptoms vary per the location and severity of infections. Identification needs a composite of data, together with history, physical examination, photography findings, and laboratory knowledge.

 

Medical microbiology is a branch of medicine dealing with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious as well as non-infectious diseases. Medical microbiologists deal with clinical consultations on the investigation, principles of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of infectious diseases; the scientific development, administrative and medical direction of a clinical microbiology laboratory; the establishment and direction of infection control programs across the continuum of care; communicable disease prevention and epidemiology and related public health issues.

Pharmaceutical Microbiology deals with the study of microorganisms that is concerned within the manufacture of prescribed drugs e.g. minimizing the quantity of microorganisms in an exceedingly method setting, excluding microorganisms and microorganism by-products like exotoxin and endotoxin from water and alternative beginning materials, and making certain the finished pharmaceutical product is sterile. Alternative aspects of pharmaceutical biological science embrace the analysis and development of anti-infective agents, the employment of microorganisms to sight agent and malignant neoplastic disease activity in prospective medication, and therefore the use of microorganisms within the manufacture of pharmaceutical product like endocrine and human human growth hormone.

 

  • Track 7-1Antibiotic Discoveries
  • Track 7-2Nosocomial Infections
  • Track 7-3Cosmetic Microbiology
  • Track 7-4Pharmaceutical Biotechnology

Clinical microbiology is a branch of medical science concerned with the study of infectious and non-infectious diseases. This field includes study of clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. It also deals with all disease causing microorganisms like bacteria, fungi, virus, parasites and disease causing infectious agent, known as prion.

 

  • Track 8-1Insights And Trends In Clinical Microbiology
  • Track 8-2Clinical Virology and Bacteriology
  • Track 8-3Parasitology And Mycology
  • Track 8-4Mycotoxicology
  • Track 8-5Medical Parasitology
  • Track 8-6Medical Parasitology
  • Track 8-7Veterinary Diseases And Epidemiology

Water is crucial to life. Associate degree adequate, safe and accessible provide should be out there to all or any. Up access to safe drinking-water may end up in vital edges to health. Each effort ought to be created to realize a beverage quality as safe as attainable. Many of us struggle to get access to safe water. A clean and treated facility to every house could also be the norm in Europe and North America, however in developing countries, access to each clean water and sanitation don't seem to be the rule, and waterborne infections square measure common. 2 and a 0.5 billion individuals don't have any access to improved sanitation, and quite one.5 million kids die every year from diarrhoea. The WHO, the mortality of water diseases exceeds five million individuals p.a. From these, a lot of those fifty square measure microorganism enteric infections, with infectious disease standing get into the primary place. The best microorganism risks square measure related to bodily function of water that's contaminated with human or animal excrement. Waste matter discharges in rivers and seawaters square measure the foremost supply of faecal microorganisms, as well as pathogens.

 

Bacterial infections are being caused by pathogenic bacteria. This information includes human pathogenic bacteria.
 
Although most bacteria are beneficial or often harmless, some are pathogenic. One of the biggest bacterial diseases with the highest disease causes is tuberculosis, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which kills about million people per year, mostly in Africa. Pathogenic bacteria also contributes to other diseases, such as pneumonia, which is caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Streptococcus pneumoniae. 

Soil biology is a superb culture media for the expansion and development of assorted microorganisms. Soil isn't associate inert static material however a medium pulsing with life. Soil is currently believed to be dynamic or living system. Soil contains many distinct teams of microorganisms and amongst them microorganism, fungi, actinomycetes, algae, protozoa and viruses square measure the foremost necessary. But, microorganism square measure a lot of varied than the other styles of microorganisms. Microorganisms kind a really little fraction of the soil mass and occupy a volume of but one-hundredth. Within the higher layer of soil the microbic population is extremely high that decreases with depth of soil. Every organisms or a gaggle of organisms square measure accountable for a selected amendment or transformation within the soil. The ultimate impact of assorted activities of microorganisms within the soil is to create the soil suitable the expansion & amp; development of upper plants. Soil microorganisms, like microorganism and fungi, management system functioning through decomposition and nutrient sport and should function indicators of land-use amendment and system health.

 

Industrial microbiology is primarily associated with the commercial exploitation of microorganisms, and involves processes and products that are of major economic, environmental and gregarious consequentiality throughout the world. There are two key aspects of industrial microbiology, the first relating to engenderment of valuable microbial products via fermentation processes. These include traditional fermented foods and beverages, such as bread, potation, cheese and wine, which have been engendered for thousands of years. In additament, over the last hundred years or so, microorganisms have been further employed in the engenderment of numerous chemical feedstock, energy sources, enzymes, aliment ingredients and pharmaceuticals. The second aspect is the role of microorganisms in providing accommodations, particularly for waste treatment and pollution control, which utilizes their abilities to degrade virtually all natural and man-made products. However, such activities must be controlled while these materials are in utilization, otherwise consequent bio deterioration leads to major economic loses, and Industrial microorganisms are mundanely cultivated under rigorously controlled conditions developed to optimize the magnification of the organism or engenderment of a target microbial product.The mode of fermenter operation (batch, victualed-batch or perpetual systems), the method of its aeration and agitation, where indispensable, and the approach taken to process scale-up have major influences on fermentation performance

 

  • Track 12-1Beneficial Microorganism
  • Track 12-2Fermenters and Fermentation
  • Track 12-3Food Industrial Microbiology
  • Track 12-4Microbial Agriculture Industry
  • Track 12-5Industrial Virology

Biofuel is energy source made of living things, or the waste that living things turn out. Supporters of biofuels argue that their use might considerably cut back greenhouse emissions; whereas burning the fuels produces CO2, growing the plants or biomass removes carbon diozide from the atmosphere.

A biofuel could be a fuel that's created through up to date biological processes, like agriculture and anaerobic digestion, instead of a fuel created by geologic processes like those concerned within the formation of fossil fuels, like coal and crude oil, from prehistoric biological matter.

 

  • Track 13-1First-generation biofuels
  • Track 13-2Biodiesel
  • Track 13-3Green diesel and bioalcohols
  • Track 13-4Biofuel gasoline

Antimicrobial chemotherapy implements the clinical use of antimicrobial agents in treating infectious disease. The positive conclusion of this antimicrobial medical aid depends on many factors like site of infection, host defence mechanisms and pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics activity of the antibacterial drug agent. A bactericidal activity depends on the microorganism growth and microorganism division. because the activity of medicine agent depends on its concentration, in vitro characterization of medicine activity generally involves the MIC - minimum repressing concentration and MBC that is that the minimum disinfectant concentration of medicine agent. 

Microbial ecology is that the study of microbes within the surroundings and their interactions with one another. Microbes square measure the tiniest creatures on Earth, nonetheless despite their little size; they need an enormous impact on U.S.A. and on our surroundings. Microorganism ecology will show U.S.A. our place within the cosmos -- however life originated and the way it evolved, and the way we have a tendency to square measure associated with the nice diversity of all different organisms. The study of microorganism ecology will facilitate U.S.A. improve our lives via the employment of microbes in environmental restoration, food production, and engineering science of helpful merchandise like antibiotics, food supplements, and chemicals. The study of those off-the-wall and various creatures that square measure all over nonetheless obscurity to be seen is fascinating and a quest that appeals to the curiosity and playfulness in U.S.A. Most kinds of microbes stay unknown. It’s calculable that we all know fewer than one hundred and twenty fifth of the microorganism species on Earth. Nonetheless microbes surround U.S.A. all over -- air, water, soil. A median gram of soil contains one billion (1,000,000,000) microbes representing most likely many thousand species.

Microbial nature (or ecological microbiology) is the biology of microorganisms: their association with each other and with their condition. It concerns the three noteworthy areas of life—Eukaryota, Archaea, and Bacteria—and in addition viruses.[2] 

 
 
  • Track 15-1Microbial loop
  • Track 15-2 environmental microbiology
  • Track 15-3Human microbiota
  • Track 15-4Antimicrobials

Veterinary Microbiology is concerned with microbial (bacterial, fungal, viral) diseases of domesticated vertebrate animals (livestock, companion animals, fur-bearing animals, game, poultry, fish) that supply food, other useful products or companionship. In addition, Microbial diseases of wild animals living in captivity, or as members of the feral fauna will also be considered if the infections are of interest because of their interrelation with humans (zoonosis) and/or domestic animals. Studies of antimicrobial resistance are also included, provided that the results represent a substantial advance in knowledge. 

 

  • Track 16-1Animal Health
  • Track 16-2Veterinary vaccines
  • Track 16-3Veterinary Medicine
  • Track 16-4Veterinary biochemistry
You have ordinarily known about the terms, yeast, molds and parasites these are the eukaryotic microorganisms whose review is called Mycology. In the characterization, Fungi have been given their own particular separate kingdom. Organisms are multi-faceted and are circulated everywhere throughout the world, can likewise develop in a huge assortment of environments and can survive even the most negative conditions-including the serious temperatures both icy and super-hot. They can develop either in the exceptionally icy Arctic Oceans, ice sheets, or places with extraordinary salt focuses, or with ionizing radiation and no doubt, additionally the betray and dry regions. These parasites assume a critical part in the natural matter deterioration, supplement trade and bio-geo concoction cycling. Couple of parasitic species deliver poisonous bioactive mixes called mycotoxins which are for the most part neurotoxins, 
 
Prior mycology was thought to be critical for it's mechanical and anti-toxin applications, however as of late, it has been increasing more significance as Medical Mycology. Medicinal Mycology is the investigation of illness bringing about and other restoratively imperative parasites and their associations with the host-cells. 
 
 

 

Identification of a specific agent for a particular infection or a health problem is finished in clinical presentation. Diagnostic biological science laboratory plays a vital role in diagnosing with uninflected of microbiological culture being the primitive approach for isolation of the conducive  organism within the laboratory that's that then closely followed by the organic chemistry tests then advanced medical science assays and therefore the ultimate step is the enzyme reactions.

Systems biology is that the procedure and mathematical modelling of advanced biological systems. Systems biology has been liable for a number of the foremost necessary developments within the science of human health and environmental property. It’s a holistic approach to deciphering the quality of biological systems that starts from the understanding that the networks that type the full of living organisms area unit quite the add of their components. 

 

Geomicrobiology is that the results of the mixture of earth science and biological science. The sphere of geomicrobiology considerations the role of germ and microbial processes in earth science and geochemical processes and the other way around. The sphere of geomicrobiology considerations the role of germ and microbial processes in earth science and geochemical processes. The sphere is very vital once addressing microorganisms in aquifers and public drinkable providers. 

 

 Biodegradation is nature's manner of exercise wastes, or breaking down organic matter into nutrients which will be utilized by different organisms. "Degradation" suggests that decay, and therefore the "bio-" prefix implies that the decay is disbursed by an enormous assortment of microorganism, fungi, insects, worms, and different organisms that eat dead material and recycle it into new forms. In nature, there's no waste as a result of everything gets recycled. The waste product from one organism becomes the food for others, providing nutrients and energy whereas breaking down the waste organic matter. Some organic materials can break down a lot of quicker than others, however all can eventually decay. By harnessing these natural forces of biodegradation, individuals will cut back wastes and close up some styles of environmental contaminants. 

A biofilm is a collection of microbial communities enclosed by a matrix of extracellular polymeric substance (EPS) and separated by a network of open water channels. These communities adhere to manmade and natural surfaces, such as metals and teeth, typically at a liquid-solid interface

Immunology is the branch of science concerned with the various aspects related to immune system, innate and acquired immunity and immunology also deals with laboratory techniques involving the interaction of antigens with specific antibodies. Microbiology is the branch of science dealing with the study of various microorganisms. Microbiology involves the study of their structure and various physical, chemical and biological characteristics pertaining to their capability to cause a disease.